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2016年3月全国英语等级考试二级真题及答案(短文理解2)

2016-06-30 11:39

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  2016年3月全国英语等级考试二级真题及答案(短文理解2)

  Text 2

  Everywhere in the world, plants and animals live together.Some animals eat plants they live with, Some plants stay alive because many plant-eating animals have natural enemies that eat them.

  Rich soil for the roots of plants is produced by worms and other very small animals that live underground.Green plants feed animals and people.

  It takes all the plants and animals living together to keep the earth a good place to live in.

  Plants and animals trade with each other.They trade for things they both need to stay alive.

  Animals breathe and the air gets changed inside their bodies.When they breathe the air out again there' s something called carbon((碳) in it.Animals can' t use this air again.But plants need carbon.The plants trade fresh air for the carbon they need.

  Plants make food from carbon and water.They use sunlight for this work, just as a machine uses gas or electricity to keep running.The plants store the food they make inside themselves.

  But what do the plants get in return? Many things.Plants make food from the carbon and other things that come from animals' bodies.Insects like bees carry pollen(花粉) from one flower to another and the pollen forms seeds.Birds and other animals eat the fruit in which seeds grow and often drop the seeds where they can grow up into new plants.So animals help the growth of new prants.

  24.Which of the following is the closest in meaning with "trade with" in paragraph 2 ?

  A.live for

  B.give to and take from

  C.stay with

  D.teach and learn from

  25.What is compared to "electricity" in paragraph 47

  A.Sunlight.

  B.Water.

  C.Air.

  D.Carbon.

  26.What is the main idea of the text?

  A.Living things are connected in nature.

  B.Some animals stay in plants for safety.

  C.Animals and plants are of different types.

  D.Some plants can stay alive by themselves.

  Text 3

  It is reported that bags are getting bigger all the time, and that there are more bags per person on the street today than at any other time in history.If this is true, possible explanations could include the wide use of small electric and electronic gadgets(装置), a reading-material explosion, a popular interest toward tight or pocketless clothing, or cheap bagmaking labor overseas.

  But, much as nature finds ways--such as disease--to control overpopulation, city life has thrown up impediments(障碍) to bags.to enter many public buildings, theatres, ballparks, and perhaps even underground railway stations, you must go through a search or go bagless.The city has countless bag rules.It is hard to keep them all straight, and you're never sure, when leaving home for the day, whether it might be a bad idea to bring one along.

  Last week, the New York Public Library got in the game.Students, researchers, writers, historians, and anyone else who has got used over the years to treating the vast Rose Main Reading Room as an office or a reading room came up against a new rule.You are no longer allowed to bring a bag larger than eleven inches by fourteen inches into the library.If you walk in with one, you must leave it at the coat check.You may keep its contents with you, however, and the library provides big clear plastic bags for them.You return them when you come back for your own bag.

  What the library is trying to prevent, in this case, is people taking things out, rather than bringing things in.A librarian said on the second day, "It' s a big change for people who used come and bring in half their flats.The people who use the library responsibly will continue to do so.The people who steal will continue to get away with it, if they really want to.

  27.What does the writer mainly talk about?

  A.The history of the bag rules.

  B.The importance of using libraries.

  C.Different bags used in our daily life.

  D.The use of bags and the rules against it.

  28.The bag rules in many public buildings require people to

  A.leave the places bagless

  B.pay for bringing in bags

  C.have their bags examined

  D.use big clear plastic bags

  29.What is the purpose of the new rule at the New York Public Library?

  A.to change people' s way of reading.

  B.to help people better use the library.

  C.to prevent people stealing from the library.

  D.to stop people from bringing in dangerous things.

  30.How is the effect of the new rule according to the librarian?

  A.Excellent.

  B.Limited.

  C.Harmful.

  D.Unclear.

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