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2015年3月全国英语等级考试二级真题和答案(阅读理解A)

2016-07-06 11:27

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  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的[A]、[B]、[C]和[D]四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Text 1

  William Kunz is a computer genius(天才).When he was just 11, Kunz started writing soft-ware programs, and by 14 he had worked out his own computer game.As a high school first-yearstudent in Houston, Texas, he won first prize in a science fair for a program he wrote.In his thirdyear, he took top prize in an international science and engineering fair for designing a program toanalyze and sort DNA patterns.

  Kunz went to attend Carnegie Mellon, one of the nation' s highest-ranked universities in computer science.After college he got a job with Oracle in Silicon Valley, writing software used bycompanies around the world.

  Three years later, Kunz is in his first year at Harvard Business School.He left software engineering partly because he earned much less than his friends who were going into law or business.

  He also worried about job security(保障), especially as more companies move their programmingoutside the country to lower costs.

  56.What does the first paragraph mainly tell us?

  A.Kunz won several top prizes.

  B.Kunz liked taking part in fairs.

  C.Kunz designed several programs.

  D.Kunz had a gift for programming.

  57.What did Kunz study in Carnegie Mellon?

  A.Business.

  B.Engineering.

  C.International law.

  D.Computer science.

  58.Why did Kunz decide to go to Harvard Business School?

  A.to get a secured and better paid job.

  B.to improve his working conditions.

  C.to start a business with his friends.

  D.to go outside the country to work.

  参考译文 Text 1

  威廉·库兹是一个计算机天才。当他只有11岁的时候,库兹就开始编写软件程序,到l4岁的时候他已经开发出了自己的电脑游戏。作为德克萨斯州休斯敦的一位高中一年级学生,他编的程序在一次科学展览会中获得了一等奖。高三时,在一次国际科学和工程学展览会中他因为设计出能够分析和分类DNA模式的程序而获得最高奖。库兹上了卡内基梅隆大学,这是全美计算机科学领域最好的大学之一。大学毕业后,他在硅谷的Oracle工作,编写一些全世界许多公司都使用的软件。

  三年后,库兹在哈佛商学院就读一年级。他离开软件工程领域一部分原因是他所赚的钱比他那些从事法律和商业的朋友们少得多。他也很担心工作保障,尤其是当更多的公司为了降低费用而把他们的编程公司搬往美国以外的地方时。

  56.D【精析】细节题。题干意为“第一段主要告诉我们什么?”本文第一段列举的各个例子都想告诉我们,库兹在编程方面很有天赋。故D正确。

  52.D【精析】细节题。题干意为“库兹在卡内基梅隆大学学的是什么?”从本文的第二段的第一句“…one of the nation’s highestranked universities in computer seienee.”可知,他学的是计算机科学,故D正确。

  58.A【精析】细节题。题干意为“库兹为什么决定上哈佛商学院?”本文的最后一段告诉我们他后来去读哈佛商学院是因为他所赚的钱比他那些从事法律和商业的朋友们少得多。他也很担心工作保障,尤其是当更多的公司为了降低费用而把他们的公司搬往美国。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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