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2017公共英语五级阅读考前热点材料:专业程度

2017-03-03 14:19

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  Being an expert at something really pays off. Just how good are top performers compared to everybody else? Research shows in high complexity jobs like professional and sales roles, the top 10 percent produce 80 percent more than average and 700 percent more than the bottom 10 percent. But as I'm sure you're aware, becoming the best ain't easy. As Bobby Knight once said, "Everybody has the will to win; few people have the will to prepare to win."

  想要成为某方面的专家,那确实需要花费一番功夫。要比别人好多少才能称的上专家?一组数据来告诉你,在调查了不同行业的专家到销售人员,位于该行业顶尖的10%贡献了80%的行业成果,是该行业底层10%贡献的7倍还多。但你们也一定清楚,想要做到最好并不容易,就像Bobby Knight (著名篮球教练)所说:“每个都渴望成功,但只有少数人会为此做出准备。”

  And one of the reasons why it's hard to become great is because a lot of what you've been told about how to learn, study, or train is wrong, wrong, and dead wrong. So it's time to learn how to get better at gettin' better. Whether you want to be a great public speaker, study for exams, or improve your free throws, we're going to learn what methods research and experts recommend for becoming an expert at anything.

  阻碍你成功的不利因素很多,其中就有看似引导你成功的学习训练方法,实则带你误入歧途。该是学习正确方法的时候啦,不论你是想提升演讲水平,或是应试能力,亦或是更加准确的投球率,以下方法均可适用。

  Predictor of expertise

  专业度预测

  I'm going to ask you one question. And this question will probably predict just how good you'll end up being at whatever it is you're passionate about. Ready?" How long are you going to be doing this?" Yeah, doing something for a long time probably correlates with being decent at it but that's not the point. Committing in advance to being in it for the long haul made all the difference. Even when practicing the same amount, those who made a long-term commitment did 400 percent better than the short-termers.

  问你个问题,来判断你感兴趣事情将会取得专业程度。“为了达到专业你能坚持多久?”能够长时间坚持做一件事,说明你非常适合做这件事,但这并不是重点。如果你以一个长期目标为导向,则会让你更上一层楼。

  From The Talent Code:With the same amount of practice, the long-term-commitment group outperformed the short-term-commitment group by 400 percent. The long-term-commitment group, with a mere twenty minutes of weekly practice, progressed faster than the short-termers who practiced for an hour and a half. When long-term commitment combined with high levels of practice, skills skyrocketed.

  节选《一万个小时》:训练同样的时间,长期目标小组的成绩4倍于短期小组。不仅如此,每周训练20分钟的长期目标小组比每周训练90分钟的短期目标小组的进步还要大。当长期目标小组配合高强度的训练,其成效如同坐上火箭,锐不可当。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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