新东方网>英语>公共英语(PETS)>备考辅导>PETS三级>正文

2019全国英语等级考试pets3听力重点解析

2018-12-29 11:25

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  主旨大意题

  顾名思义,主旨大意题要求考生在听懂短文的基础上归纳出短文的主题思想,其中还包

  括为短文选择最合适的题目和对作者的结论或意图进行判断归纳。这类题目主要着眼于对全篇总体上的理解。此类题常见的提问方式有:

  What is the main idea/topic/subject/chief purpose of this passage?

  What is the best title for this passage?

  What does the passage tell us essentially?

  What is the subject they are talking about?

  What did the speaker mainly discuss/talk about?

  推理判断题

  这类题型要求考生根据所听到的内容推断出材料所暗示的内容,例如:情节的发展趋势,

  作者的态度、倾向性等。推断题考查思维的逻辑性,要求能够以语篇为基础进行合理的推测。该类题型常见的提问方式如下:

  What will be dealt with in the following paragraph?

  What does the passage probably imply at the end?

  What can we learn/infer from the passage?

  What does the author impiy by saying?

  What does the story imply?

  这类题型有两个特点:一是难度高;二是逻辑性强。推断题不仅要求考生把握原文信息,还要能够在此基础上合理地进行推断。关键在于这个“合理”的尺度较难把握,因为大部分推断题只要求在材料论述的内容范围内进行推测。如何过多加入自己的理解,可能会超出材料内容,选出错误的结果。

  练习:

  Questions 1——4 are based on a short story.

  1. How do the housewives learn about the offer of free groceries?

  [A] On the radio. [B] At the supermarket.

  [C] From the manager. [D] From their friends.

  2. What did Mrs. Edwards want very much?

  [A] Get a basket of free goods. [B] Meet the manager.

  [C] Get a free basket. [D] Fill all her cupboards.

  3. Why did Mrs. Edwards go back to the supermarket after she had finished shopping one day?

  [A] Because she had to meet the manager.

  [B] Because she had to buy one more thing.

  [C] Because she had to find her shopping.

  [D] Because she had to pay for her shopping.

  4. Which of the following words best describes Mrs. Edwards feeling at the end of this story?

  [A] Embarrassed. [B] Disappointed.

  [C] Delighted. [D] Proud.

  听力原文

  All the housewives who went to the supermarket had one great ambition: to be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the notice just inside the entrance promised. It said:“Remember, once a week, one of our customers gets free groceries. This may be your lucky day!”

  For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hope. The cupboards in her kitchen were full of things, which she did not need. In vain her husband tried to dissuade her. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say:“Madam, this is your lucky day. Everything in your basket is free.”

  One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. “Madam,” he said, holding out his hand,“I want to congratulate you! You are the lucky customer and everything in your basket is free! ”

  答案:1.B 2.A 3.B 4.B

  考生在备考长对话时,可参考以下几点技巧:

  1. 长对话出题的顺序和文章的顺序一致,因此在听力开始前应当充分利用空隙时间迅速浏览四个选项,了解对话大意,做到有的放矢。

  2. 和听力短文非常相似,长对话在文章开始时就点明文章大意,而且考题中也会考查文章的主题,因此考生在考试时应当集中注意力抓住主题。

  3. 点明主题后,随后的部分围绕这一主题展开,每个方面的论述类似短对话的问答形式,考试的重点往往落在回答中,因此考生如果能掌握短对话各种题型特点和应试技巧,那么对这类题目就会轻车熟路了。

  4. 长对话内容比较,题量也比较大,因此适当地做些笔记是非常有必要的。

  一、 学会听前读选项预测内容

  对待选项应采取快速阅读的方法,一定要避免逐词阅读,否则就不可能在听录音前看完选项。选项的长短、繁简不一,具体处理方法也要有所不同。选项都比较短时,可采用扫视法。扫读选项,大体了叫内容。当选项较长时,可分两步处理:第一步,纵观全文,以发现其共同成分;第二步,采用竖读方法,着重看区别。选项(尤其是较长的选项)之间往往有相同的内容。

  练习:

  Questions 1——4 are based on a conversation between Irene, a secreatary and her boss Mr. Jerome S. Buck.

  1. How long will the sales conference in London last?

  [A] Form Tuesday to Wednesday. [B] Form Tuesday to Thursday.

  [C] Form Wednesday to Thursday. [D] Form Thursday to Friday.

  2. What are they going to discuss at the meeting on Friday morning?

  [A] The trade in Scotland. [B] The industry in Scotland.

  [C] The new factory in Scotland. [D] The site of their new plant in Soctland.

  3. Where is Mr. Buck going to see Mr. Chambery, the European Manager?

  [A] In London. [B] In Paris. [C] In Rome. [D] In Madrid.

  4. Why must Mr. Buck be back on Friday?

  [A] It’s his daughter’s birthday. [B] It’s his son Sharon’s birthday.

  [C] It’s his wife’s birthday. [D] It’s his friend Sharon’s birthday.

  听力原文

  Questions 1——4:

  M:I think we’d better go over my schedule, Irene. I’m going to have a look at our European operation, as you know, and as I’ll be visiting a number of countries, I’d like you to make the bookings.

  W:Right, Mr. Buck. I’ll take down the details.

  M:Well, I’m leaving on Tuesday, April 15th, for London. I’m going to attend a sales conference for our British representatives. That runs through Wednesday and Thursday, and then there’s a reception at Canada House on Thursday evening.

  W:Are you going to meet the Ambassador, then?

  M:I guess so. But the main thing is that on Friday morning, I have a meeting with the British Minister of Trade and Industry. We’ re going to discuss the site of our new plant in Scotland.

  W:So when are you leaving for Paris?

  M:First flight on Saturday morning. I’m planning to meet my wife there. She’s going to fly over direct, arriving in the afternoon. Then we’ll have a relaxed weekend before I see Mr. Chambery, the European Manager, on Monday. So from Paris on, I’ll need a double room.

  W:How long are you going to stay in Paris, Mr. Buck?

  M:Only till Monday evening. I’m going to Rome to see our plant there on Tuesday, and on Wednesday I’m due in Madrid to inspect the new factory.

  W:And that’s the last item on the agenda. So when are you coming back? Are you going to fly form Madrid?

  M:Yes, on the first plane out on Thursday. We must be back on Friday, the 25th. It’s my daughter Sharon’s birthday.

  答案:1.C 2.D 3.B 4.A

资料下载

  • 人教版初中所有英语单词(含七八九册)

    3342次下载 点击下载
  • 初中英语语法大全

    2621次下载 点击下载
  • 初中英语重点短语和句型(适合所有年级)

    4734次下载 点击下载
  • 新型肺炎有关话题英语作文

    1854次下载 点击下载
  • 高考英语词汇必备3500

    1391次下载 点击下载
  • 45本适合中学生的入门级英语读物

    1391次下载 点击下载
名称名称
300次下载

微信扫码关注"新东方网"服务号

回复""立刻获取!

猜你喜欢

  • 听力
  • 口语
  • 阅读
  • 娱乐
  • 词汇
  • 写作

            新东方英语辅导专区

            班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

            焦点推荐

            版权及免责声明

            凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

            本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

            如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

            热搜关键词